Since summer season is about to start, buying a sunscreen becomes an essential thing to do. Although, sunscreen can be used for all the seasons. Choosing the right one has always been difficult.
Cleansing, toning and moisturizing are essential steps for skin care. However, your skin needs extra protection from harmful UV rays of the sun. Sunscreen serves as a protection shield against such UV rays.
Sunscreen is available in lotion, cream or gel form. It prevents sunburn, skin cancers and other conditions caused by excessive exposure to the sun.
Given the numerous options available in the market, picking the right is not easy. The factors to consider before buying one are-
- Sun Protection Factor (SPF)
- Water Resistance
- Skin Type
- Expiry Date
- Have a look at ingredients
- Broad spectrum
1. Sun Protection Factor- SPF numbers tells you the effectiveness level of a sunscreen against UVB rays and how long you can stay in sun before sunburn starts. Higher SPFs are a better choice for fair skinned people or those who burn easily. However, no sunscreen can block 100 per cent of the sun rays. If you are planning to be out for longer hours than choose SPF 30 or SPF 50.
2. Water Resistance- You don’t go for a swim even when its summer. Isn’t it difficult to believe? So, pick a sunscreen which is water and sweat resistant. It will provide you protection against sun rays even in water. However, for better results keep on re-applying after every two hours.
3. Skin Type- Sunscreens are available for specific skin type also. For dry skin, choose good cream based sunscreen containing glycerin, oils etc. For oily skin, lightweight or gel lotion with ingredients like silica is recommended. Hypoallergic and fragrance-free sunscreen is the best choice for people with sensitive skin.
4. Expiry Date- Not only sunscreen, but before buying anything check its manufacturing and expiry date. Expired sunscreen loses its efficacy and may also irritate or harm your skin. Do not buy in bulk, always buy a new one when previous one is just about to finish.
5. Have a look at ingredients- If you are allergic, then this factor is most important for you. Oxybenzone, is one of the most dangerous ingredient, it can cause hormonal imbalance and some allergic reaction too. Choosing a sunscreen with natural or herbal ingredients is always in the best interest. Try to avoid sunscreens with chemical based ingredients.
6. Broad spectrum - Look for sunscreen with broad-spectrum protection, it provides protection against both UVB and UVA rays.UVA radiations have been linked to skin cancer and premature ageing. While UVB rays may lead to sunburn and skin cancer. Make sure your sunscreen has broad spectrum protection for overall protection against sun rays.